May 18, 2024


pet tooth fracture

Veterinarian explains the cause and recommends oral check for dogs and cats

Yesterday, May 6, 2024 | 11:23

Fractured teeth in pets can occur for a variety of reasons and can seriously impact the animal’s ability to eat. Veterinarian Lorenz Schmidt explains the most common causes of tooth fractures in dogs and cats.

What are the most common causes of pet tooth fractures?

Dog tooth fractures often occur when a dog bites on something inappropriate or too hard. Dogs’ masticatory muscles are very strong and can cause crown fractures of important molars. Examples of this include stones, bones, horns, and chewy foods that are too hard.

If possible, a surface that can be pressed in with a thumbnail is preferable. Another cause is when your dog catches something and breaks its canine. Canine teeth often become fractured due to collisions with other dogs or trauma from hard objects. Fractured teeth in cats are often caused by trauma, such as a car accident or falling out of a window.

How does a fractured tooth affect an animal’s ability to eat? How can you as an owner help?

When it comes to tooth fractures, a distinction is made between complex and simple tooth fractures. Complex tooth fractures lead to opening of the pulp. The nerves and blood supply are exposed. Tooth pain and infection can occur. Unfortunately, pet owners usually have no way of knowing that a tooth fracture has occurred because dogs and cats have few symptoms. If the affected tooth is not extracted or saved (endodontic treatment), an infection can develop and spread to adjacent teeth.

As a pet owner, how can you contribute to your pet’s dental health and tooth preservation?

Dogs’ dental health can often be promoted by brushing their teeth daily and providing them with appropriate chewing products. Dogs and cats should be taken to a veterinary clinic or clinic once a year for a thorough oral exam. For small dogs, we recommend an interval of 6 months. Diet is especially important for cats because brushing their teeth is difficult for most cats.

In any case, owners should consult their veterinarian if they notice bad breath. Too much tartar can cause gum inflammation and destruction of periodontal tissue in dogs and cats. Therefore, in such cases, it is necessary to urgently remove tartar under appropriate anesthesia.

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What treatments are available for pet tooth fractures?

Fractures of teeth with exposed nerves must be treated. For functionally important teeth, such as tusks and canines, root canal fillings can usually save the tooth and are particularly useful for canines. If preservation of the tooth is not indicated or desired, the tooth usually needs to be extracted (extracted). On the one hand, this reduces pain and prevents damage to other teeth.

This text is written by experts from the FOCUS Online EXPERTS Circle. Our experts have a high level of subject matter expertise and are not part of the editorial team. learn more.


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